Increasingly, adaptive learning harnesses the full potential of new technologies and draws on new and interesting concepts such as artificial intelligence or big data. But what exactly is this type of learning and what does it offer students and teachers? We explain, in ten questions and answers, the keys to this educational proposal that allows to customize the sequence of learning and attend to the needs and characteristics of each student in real time and achieving a learning process much more effective .
TEN QUESTION ON ADAPTIVE LEARNING
- 1. What is adaptive learning?
It is an educational method based on the data analysis ( learning analytics ) that generate the learning process of the students; Allows to modify the educational proposal in a personalized and real time taking into account the performance of each student.
- 2. When does it arise?
Although the eagerness to adjust and customize the learning process to each student and its characteristics is part of the objectives of education, adaptive learning begins to develop in the 1980s with the expansion of computers and digital tools that obtain, Manage and process a large amount of information to adapt the proposal to users. At present it is reaching its highest level of extension and improvement thanks to the advance of new technologies, Internet and big data , that is to say, the development of algorithms to process and relate large amount of massive data and generate specific proposals for each user according to Your previous experience.
- 3. Why is it interesting?
Because it offers direct benefits for the improvement of learning and very clear advantages for both the student and the teacher. Students improve the results because the intelligent system adapts the learning itinerary according to their needs, difficulties or strengths; Knows the results immediately and helps them to detect and understand errors. In this way they learn better and more efficiently and quickly. In addition, at the same time the process motivates them because they see how they advance in their learning and gain confidence in themselves. Teachers, meanwhile, improve their knowledge of students and their abilities, weaknesses and strengths in learning, and Can address them in a more individualized and appropriate way to their objectives. So,
- 4. What steps does it involve?
First, the system requires gathering information about students, their learning, their weaknesses, and their strengths. Taking into account the data collected, the digital educational tool establishes a work plan adapted and differentiated for each student, so that emphasis is placed on the areas where the student needs more work or is used to generate more challenges and motivate them, or adapt The most appropriate learning approaches in each case. In addition, it is a system that bets on permanent interaction, with which feedback is constant and adaptation, continuous. However, for this it is necessary – and not all the tools in the market offer it – that the system provides detailed information To the teacher so that he can,
- 5. Do you need to use ICT?
Yes, new technologies and digital adaptive learning platforms are an essential tool for applying adaptive learning in the classroom effectively, as they allow for the collection, analysis and evaluation of student activities, work, actions or tasks, and Quantity of data accurately and quickly to automatically propose new proposals.
- 6. How do adaptive learning platforms work?
These online work systems combine data collected from students (with multiple quantitative and qualitative parameters) with statistical information, predefined responses, established learning patterns and algorithms specially designed to process these data and identify strengths and weaknesses. Not only the answers are taken into account, but also the student’s way of interacting or the time that he invests in completing an action or his doubts. With this, the platform creates a specific learning path for the student. In addition, being online and digital platforms, allow to contrast data of students that help to generate new guidelines,
- 7. How is learning adapted?
The possibilities of personalization affect different aspects of learning, which allows to adapt the teaching processes to the specific needs of the student. For example, they are customizable:
– content: the demands and the difficulty of the activities, the skills or the aspects worked, and the subjects treated can be modified; Also the statements, the concepts and skills to be developed, or the situations to be solved raised to the student;
– the format: can vary both the typology of the activities and the format;
– the organization: they can change the order and the sequences of activities.
- 8. What is the role of the teacher in adaptive learning?
Adaptive learning through online tools does not limit the work of the teacher or eliminate contact with the student. On the contrary, it facilitates teaching, facilitates learning, gives useful information about how students learn and saves time to do other activities and work more directly with students those aspects that pose a greater challenge for them.
- 9. How is it applied in the classroom?
Adaptive learning is one more tool that teachers can count on. It can be applied to one or more materials and supplemented with other ICT instruments. Although it can also be applied outside the classroom, it is best to apply it in class at least once a week in a 30-minute session. In the classroom, the teacher can program a topic and explain or start Work a project. At the same time, you can program that topic in the adaptive learning platform and, as the students progress, the intelligent system will detect the difficulties and generate the different learning paths for each student. The information provided by the system will allow the teacher to identify which subjects have difficulties or which students find it difficult to progress. In the classroom you can work on these concepts or skills in a specific way, with a single student or a group of them, making time in the classroom a much richer and more effective space for interaction and guidance.
- 10. Where can I find out more?
The following links explain the keys to this type of learning and how it is used in classrooms:
– “No more pencils, no more books”
– Adaptive learning and assessment and uses in Tecnológico de Monterrey
– Adaptive learning with the Adaptemy platform
– The big data revolution in education
– When web analytics is applied to education