Cible5.A. Reduce by three-quarters, between 1990 and 2015, the maternal mortality rate
Target 5.B. Making access to reproductive health universal by 2025
About 289,000 women died in 2013 during pregnancy or during childbirth, a 45% decrease from 1990. Most of them died because they did not have access to the benefit Ordinary or emergency care by qualified personnel.
Progress has been made particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. But on this continent and unlike developed countries, where the risk of a woman dying during pregnancy or during childbirth is 1 in 3700, the risk of maternal mortality remains very high at 1 in 38. Now more and more women are arriving in health facilities, so it is important to ensure that the quality of care delivered is optimal.
Globally about 10% of women still do not have access to safe and effective contraception. It is estimated that mere satisfaction of unmet family planning needs would reduce maternal deaths by almost one third
The UN Secretary-General’s Global Strategy for Women’s and Children’s Health aims to prevent 33 million unwanted pregnancies between 2011 and 2015 and to save the lives of women at risk of dying from pregnancy-related complications. Childbirth, including abortions performed in poor conditions
Main areas of action of WHO
- Strengthen health systems and promote interventions based on effective policies and strategies, favoring the most disadvantaged and low-cost.
- Monitor and evaluate the burden of disease for mothers and newborns, as well as its impact on societies and their socio-economic development.
- Build effective partnerships to make the best use of scarce resources and avoid unnecessary duplication of activities to improve maternal and newborn health.
- Advocate for investing in maternal and newborn health by highlighting the social and economic benefits and emphasizing that the fight against maternal mortality is part of human rights and ethics.
- Coordinate research and its large-scale applications that focus on improving maternal health during pregnancy, childbirth and after the birth of the child.
Countdown 2015: Maternal, Newborn and Child Survival
This decennial report collects and analyzes data from 68 countries, where at least 95% of maternal and infant deaths occur. It reports on the progress made between 2000 and 2010.
- Download the summary of the report